6 Examples of Descriptive Text about Historical Places with Generic Structure

I like most this descriptive text. Do you know why? Yes, because by learning some varieties of descriptive text especially about interesting historical places, I would have got some knowledge about that place before I really visit them. One of the most powerful writing style is descriptive. It portrays the image which the writers catch and is transferred to the readers. Descriptive give detail explanation on how the specific thing, person, and place look like. 

Some descriptive texts will describe a particular thing, place, or someone. A descriptive text is structured with general identification and followed by detail description. In Identification paragraph, descriptive text will explore to answer the question of who, what when and where. The detail description will include a description to answer how it looks, where it is sees, what it does, and what it make it special. 

Commonly descriptive text is about person, thing, animal or pet, plant or flower, and a tourism place like these samples. Most descriptive texts are organized through generic structure by stating identification and followed by some paragraphs of detail descriptions. Now let's see at the following 6examplesof descriptive text about tourism object or historical places!

1. Yogyakarta as Example of Descriptive Text

I have always loved going to the city of Yogyakarta, particularly to its beautiful beaches. Yogyakarta is known as one of the most interesting cities to visit in Indonesia because of its people, stunning scenery and its reasonable holiday cost. Not just that, because Yogyakarta is also a safe, clean city.
When I was there, I always rent a car because it is quite cheap. To ensure I get the best car rental, I always compare some of the available car rentals in Yogyakarta via internet.  Though Yogyakarta offers much public transportation but hiring a car will always be the best option since it gives a more freedom to visit more places. There are many car rentals in the city, so picking one of the best is something easy to do.
If you like to go to beaches in Yogyakarta, there are many beautiful beaches there. Indrayanti is one of the best beaches located in Gunung Kidul, in the south east part of the city. There is also Parangtritis where I can find beautiful scenery of the sunset.
However, Yogyakarta is not only offering beaches, because its unique, ancient places are also one of the main reasons why I loved this city very much. There are Prambanan temple, Yogyakarta palace, Borobudur and many other interesting places we can find in the city of Yogyakarta.

The Generic Structure Analysis on Yogyakarta

We have stuied tahy every text genre has a specific and different structure. All samples of descriptive text should contain the elements in the generic structure of:
1. Identification:  It shows what specific participant which will be described in the text. In this sample, It is about the the place of interesting city of Yogyakarta.
2. Description: It shows the textual image of Yogyakarta. In this sample, Yogyakarta city is described as a city with cheap rent car, a city with beautiful beaches, and a city of ancient and unique temples.

2. Descriptive Tex with Generic Structure: The Beautiful Kuta Bali

Kuta is the exciting tourist area on the southern part of Bali.  Most tourists visiting Bali do not forget to spend their time in Kuta
It is located in southwestern Bali, just minutes from the airport.
Kuta is one of the world's most famous beaches. It first attracted Western surfers with its world renowned surf break followed closely behind by sun worshipers and party goers attracted to its wide stretches of white sandy beach.
Kuta is the center of night life activities. Kuta has a shopping mecca, with its lines of shops, boutiques, and galleries. Restaurants line up the streets as well as the beachfront hotels, ranging from a small, inexpensive homestay to a luxurious resort
There are many night clubs along Jalan Legian and Jalan Pantai Kuta. The busiest time for all night clubs are around from 22:00 and will close until down.

This short example of descriptive text about Kuta Bali beach is arranged from:

The Generic Structure: Kuta Bali Beach

Every descriptive text should contain the generic structure of
1. Identification: Showing what specific participant which will be described in the text. In sample It is about the Kuta Bali beach. Kuta beach and not the other beaches
2. Description: Showing the image of the participant. In this sample, Kuta bali beach is described as a location in Southern Bali which is just minute from the airport. It also described as the place of beautiful place for surfers. Kuta Bali beach is also described as the center of night life activities.

3. Borobudur Temple; Descriptive Text

Borobudur is Hindu - Budhist temple. It was build in the nineth century under Sailendra dynasty of ancient Mataram kingdom. Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.
Borobudur is well-known all over the world. Its construction is influenced by the Gupta architecture of India. The temple is constructed on a hill 46 m high and consist of eight step like stone terrace. The first five terrace are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Budist sculpture in bas-relief.
The upper three are circular. Each of them is with a circle of bell shape-stupa. The entire adifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre at the centre of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passage and starways. The design of borobudur which symbolizes the structure of universe influences temples at Angkor, Cambodia.
Borobudur temple which is rededicated as an Indonesian monument in 1983 is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people.
Analyzing the Text with Generic Structure

1. Identification; identifying the phenomenon to be described in general; Borobudur temple
2. Description; describing the Borobudur temple in parts; eight terraces of Borobudur temple and its characteristics

Some Language Features in A descriptive Text
1. Using adjective and classifiers; valuable
2. Using simple present tense; Borobudur is well-known,The temple is constructed, etc

4. Example of Descriptive Text: Jatim Park
For people in East Java, Jatim Park may have been heard many times as it is one of the famous tourism objects in East Java province. Jatim Park offers a recreation place as well as a study center.
Jatim Park is located at Jl. Kartika 2 Batu, East Java. To reach the location is not too difficult because the object is only 2, 5 kilos meters from Batu city. This Jatim Park tourism object is about 22 hectares width.
Visitor can enjoy at least 36 kinds of facilities which can attract them as well as give new knowledge. Just after the pass gate, the visitors will find an interesting view of ‘Galeri Nusantara’ area. This study offering continues to step on ‘Taman Sejarah’ area, which contains of miniature temple in East Java like Sumberawan temple, customhouse of Kiai Hasan Besari Ponorogo and Sumberawan Statue.
The other facility which is able to be enjoyed is ‘Agro Park’ area. It presents crop and rareness fruits, animal diorama which consists of unique animals that have been conserved, and supporting games like bowling, throw ball, scooter disco, etc
Jatim Park is suitable for family and school recreation. The recreation area sites offer precious tour and can used as alternative media of study.
Suited from:www.eastjava.com/tourism/batu/jatim-park.html
Analyzing the Generic Structure


1. Identification: It identifies the phenomenon to be described in general; Jatim Park
2. Description:  It describes Jatim Park in location, facility of GaleruNusantara,andfacility of Agro Park in their characteristics

5. Example of Short Descriptive Text about Jakarta
Jakarta is located on the northwest coast of Java Island, at the mouth of the Ciliwung river. It dominates Indonesian’s administrative, economy, cultural activities, and is a major commercial and transportation hub within Asia.
The climate is hot and humid. Rainfall occurs throughout the year. The heaviest rainfall is from November to May. The city lies on a flat, low plain and is likely to be affected by flood during period of heavy rainfall.
Analyzing The Generic Structure


1. Identification: It is about the city of Jakarta
2. Description:  It describes Jakarta city in location, role, and climate

This textual description is scripted from the short monologue in the audio file of listening section test of National Examination 2008. The monologue is followed by a multiple choice question at listening section number 13 as bellow:

Why is Jakarta at risk of flooding?
A. It lies on high land.
B. It is densely populated.
C. It lies on a flat low plain area.
D. The climate is hot and humid.
E. It is at the mouth of the Ciliwung River.

6. The Descriptive Facts about the Moon

Moon is the earth's satellite which we often see in the night. The Moon is the one place in our solar system where humans have visited. For the firs time on July 20, 1969, astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin landed the Lunar Module of Apollo 11 on the surface of the Moon. Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the Moon. However do you know what descriptive facts about the Moon are?
The moon rises in the east and sets in the west. It moves toward the east in our sky by about 12 degrees each day. The Moon is about 384,400 kilometers from Earth. The Moon has a diameter of 2,000 miles which is like to 3,476 kilometers.
The surface of the Moon has many things, such as craters, lava plains, mountains, and valleys. Scientists believe the craters were formed around 3.5 to 4.5 billion years ago by meteors hitting the moon's surface. The Moon does not have atmosphere, wind and weather that is why the footprints left there on the Moon by the Apollo astronauts will remain there for millions of years.
The Moon is not a light source. It mean that Moon does not make its own light. It reflects light from the sun. All of us can can see the Moon especially in the night because light from the Sun bounces off it back to the Earth. If the Sun wasn't there, we can not see the Moon.
The moon influences many of the tides in the oceans. This is because of the gravity force between the Earth and Moon. At full Moon and new Moon, the Sun, Earth and Moon are lined up, producing the higher than normal tides. When the Moon is at first or last quarter, it forms smaller neap tides.
This example of descriptive text about the moon facts is arranged from nasa.gov and kent.sch.uk
Generic Structure Analysis

1. Identification: It is all about the moon
2. Description:  It explains the first man landing,  physical appearance, parts, light nature, influences to the earth.

Those are all 6 examples of  descriptive text about historical places with generic structure. The definition descriptive text place or the themes for the example of descriptive text can be like:

  • descriptive text about cafe,
  • descriptive text about house
  • descriptive text about things
  • descriptive text place example
  • descriptive text place monas
  • descriptive text about place raja ampat
  • descriptive text about borobudur temple

There will be a lot of themes for samples of descriptive text place in Indonesia. It can be a descriptive text about historical place, about an interesting part of certain place around you.  Happy learning English!.

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