Birds: Example of Report Text

A report text is to describe generic participants. It means, a report text is giving a description of general classification of things, and not a thing in particular condition. The following text about bird is a best example of a report text.

Before looking at the example below, let's take a look at the diagram below, which outlines the trend of a report text. This tendency is based on the theory of the generic structure.
Definition of report text and its example "Bird"
Now it's time to look at a short example of a report text with the generic participant "bird" which means general bird and not specific bird


Birds are interesting flying animals. They are vertebrates and warm blooded animals. They belong to aves class and they can be found all over the world.

Birds breath with their air pocket. Beside as respiration organ, air pocket also can enlarge or reduce their weight when flying or swimming.

There are many kinds of birds. Earth bird has special characteristics. They have different morphology according to their food and their habitat. Some of them eat seeds, pollen, fish or meat. There are some species that live in land and the others live in water. Land birds live on their nest.

Female birds have specific tasks. they lay eggs and feed their baby, Beside that they look for foods for their baby.

Note generic structure

The example of report text above can be analyzed with its schematic or generic structure as follows:
a. The first paragraph: in the form of a general statement/general classification with no explanation that the text is about birds, groups of birds in general.
b. Paragraphs two, three and four: in the form of a description which begins with an explanation of how the bird usually has a way of breathing. This is followed by an explanation of habits and habitats and ends with a description of how birds regenerate.

It is noted that there many other example of report text. For more examples, see the collection of report text. Happy learning English!

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